Mental Health

Discover the power of hypnotherapy.

Mental health refers to a person’s overall well-being, encompassing their emotional, psychological, and social state. Hypnotherapy is a therapeutic approach that uses hypnosis to induce a relaxed state of consciousness. It can help manage stress, change unhealthy patterns, address trauma, enhance self-esteem, and complement treatment for certain mental health conditions. It should be conducted by a trained professional.

Hypnotherapy offers potential benefits for mental health by helping individuals manage stress and anxiety, change unhealthy patterns, address trauma and past experiences, enhance self-esteem and confidence, and manage symptoms of mental health conditions. While it should be conducted by a trained professional, it can be a valuable complementary approach to promote healing, personal growth, and overall well-being.

Anxiety

Anxiety is a natural human emotion that may be characterised by feelings of fear, worry and unease. Many people in the UK experience these emotions, so you are not alone. Anxiety comes from a block in how we express our emotions and stressors. Anxiety can be expressed in many different ways and is a very subjective experience for everyone. Hypnotherapy is a relaxing tool that allows you to take control of your anxiety and make it work for you. Everyone’s experience with hypnotherapy can be different and there are different advantages each person may experience. My job as your therapist will be to work with you to find and aid you to a peaceful and calm state, that lasts.

How can Hypnosis help with Anxiety? 

Anxiety has become one of the most profound mental health disorders, effecting over 3 million adults in the UK. This article distinguishes what anxiety is, how anxiety may express itself, and how I (through the use of hypnosis techniques) can help to resolve such tensions. 

Anxiety is merely an expression of a greater problem. An alarm system for your body. It is important to recognise that the manifestation of anxiety is your bodies effort to keep you safe. The problem for most sufferers of anxiety is that in situations which one would consciously deem as ‘safe’, the body goes into override and may feel as if you have completely lost control. This may be because of the unconscious processing in the mind. It is important we have this understanding of what anxiety is, in order to learn to appreciate this mechanism and by default, take more control of this system and our lives.

Your unconscious mind does not work with the same logic as your conscious mind. In fact, common logic merely sits within your conscious mind. The unconscious mind is the collective ground for your deeper drives, desires, and instincts. It doesn’t weigh the rules in which you were bought up with, nor does it weigh your environment, it wants what it wants, and it will put your body in override till it gets it. In anxious times, your unconscious wants you to either get out of that situation (run), fight that situation, or freeze. The fact that we may be at work, or with friends and family, or by ourselves at home, confuses us, blocking this reaction, thus keeping this energy in. Once this excess energy is kept in instead of released, it starts to burn up from within our bodies (racing heartbeat, shaking, sweating, blushing). It is important to understand our unconscious mind so that we can live parallel and in concordance with all the parts of our mind, to be a full functioning and fulfilled individual. Read more about the unconscious mind here.

Anxiety can be expressed in many ways, for the purpose of this article I will mention a variety of modes in which anxiety can express itself. Excessive worry, restlessness, irritability, difficulty concentrating, sleep disturbances, physical symptoms, panic attacks, avoidance behaviour, perfectionism, catastrophic thinking, muscle tension, eyelid twitching, hypervigilance, appetite changes, excessive self-consciousness, phobias. Understanding these various forms of expressions are important so that we can work towards eradicating the expressions you may define as negative. For more information on your specific expressions, please contact me here.

This is where hypnosis comes in, I (your trained therapist) will communicate with you, in ways in which we can both address your unconscious mind together, in order to stop this overriding mechanism. We will work together to address the seed of this problem, so that your body recalibrates this anxiety mechanism and only activates in times of need. Within each session, we will address what the anxiety looks like, where this anxiety may have come from, and we will work together to create a healthy resolution for you to progress and ultimately move forward. Using different suggestive techniques, hypnotherapy with me will help you understand your personal anxiety, help you develop methods to control your anxiety, and -by extension- free you from your suffering caused by anxiety.  

Read an explanation of Hypnosis in Hypnotherapy here.

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss what your personal expressions/symptoms may be and how we can work together to achieve more control and happiness in your life.

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Depression

Depression is a disorder characterised by low moods, apathy, fatigue. Most people experience depressive symptoms in their lives, and such problems seem to be a part of most people’s lives. Depression can be expressed in many different ways and appears differently in everyone. Hypnotherapy is an empowering tool to take charge of your depression, increase your confidence, and strengthen your ego. My job as your therapist will be to work with you to find and aid you to a peaceful and happy state, that lasts. 

How can Hypnosis help with Depression? 

Similarly, to anxiety disorders, depression has become one of the most frequently reported mental health disorders in the last decade. Affecting almost everyone at least once in their lives it is a state shared between everyone. 

Depressive symptoms occur when the mind cannot cope with negative emotions anymore and decides to shut down its ability to feel, leaving the sufferer apathetic/empty. It is usually caused by limiting beliefs, or harmful thoughts. Usually occurring from seeing oneself in a negative light, and not believing in oneself. These negative self-beliefs become overwhelming for the sufferer, forcing the ego to turn off all emotions. These negative thoughts can be triggered by a wide array of events such as traumatic incidents in which someone blamed themselves for, or even a set of ‘smaller’ situations which in retrospective thought are summed up in a regretful manner. This understanding is important because it allows you to reflect on your own thought patterns and initiate understanding as to why you are feeling the way you are. Once you have understood such patterns you are in a stronger position to figure your way out. 

Depression seems to be generally caused by mapping your past in a negative light and has been referred to as the disease of the past. Such an explanation may give us hope, because it means that all that needs to be done, is to serve our perceptions of what may have happened with some meaning and some hope. 

Depression can be observed in many different behaviours and symptoms and is highly heterogenous. For the purpose of this article, I will mention a variety of modes depression can be expressed. Persistent sadness, feelings of emptiness (apathy), hopelessness, irritable, guilty, loss of interests, loss of pleasures, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, memory difficulty, difficulty sleeping, difficulty waking up in the early morning, appetite changes, suicidal thoughts, self-harming, restlessness, headaches, chronic pain, digestive disorders. For more information on your specific symptoms, please contact me here.

I (your trained therapist) will communicate with you, in ways in which we can both address your unconscious mind together, to re-shape your perceptions, to increase your confidence, and to strengthen your self-beliefs. We will work together to address the seed of your depression, and to strengthen your inner self to over-ride such limitations. We will work together to build a healthy resolution for you to progress and ultimately move forward. We will use different suggestive techniques, hypnotherapy with me will help you understand your personal depression, help you develop methods to build and succeed, and help you to live your maximum potential. 

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss what your personal symptoms may mean and how we can work together to achieve more control and happiness in your life. 

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Stress Management

Hypnotherapy is an incredibly effective strategy for stress management. It works by guiding you into a state of deep relaxation, allowing your mind to focus on specific thoughts, tasks, or memories. Within this tranquil space, I (your therapist) can help you develop new responses, thoughts, attitudes, and feelings towards situations that cause you stress. This can help you manage or even alleviate the symptoms of stress. Imagine being able to calmly navigate through what used to be a trigger, with a newfound sense of serenity and control. Hypnotherapy doesn’t just help you to cope with stress; it empowers you to reshape your reactions, fostering a more balanced, peaceful life. Unleash your mind’s power and discover a more relaxed, resilient you with hypnotherapy.

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss what your personal expressions/symptoms may be and how we can work together to achieve more control and happiness in your life.

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Behavioural Symptoms

Hypnotherapy is a remarkable tool that can help you overcome problematic behaviours. Through the power of suggestion during hypnosis, we can access the subconscious mind – the part of your mind where habits, thoughts, and instincts reside. I (your therapist) will gently guide you to a relaxed and focused state, and then introduce positive, transformative ideas tailored to your unique situation. This process helps to reshape your behaviours, thoughts, and attitudes in a beneficial way. Whether it’s stress eating, smoking, nail-biting, or any other undesired or uncontrollable habits/ behaviours, hypnotherapy can be a helpful companion on your journey to change. Remember, it’s not about controlling your mind, but about teaching it to control the behaviours that are holding you back. Embrace the possibility of a better, healthier, happier you with hypnotherapy.

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss what your personal expressions/symptoms may be and how we can work together to achieve more control and happiness in your life.

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Pain Management

Chronic pain effects around 30% of adults in the UK. Chronic pain usually persists as back pain, joint pain, and headaches. As everything, pain sits in the mind of the sufferer. It is precisely the thoughts, interpretations, and expectations of pain that contribute to chronic long-term suffering. 

Hypnotherapy will put you in a state where you have greater control of your body and such an automated system like pain. It will allow you to address such systems and limit this pain. 

As for many conditions, these usually start in the mind of the individual. Hypnotherapy works with the cognitive schemas to understand the seed of your pain, address this pain, and ultimately lower this pain. 

For greater detail on your specific pain, and how we can work together to limit your pain, please contact me directly here.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Hypnotherapy, influenced by psychoanalytic insights, offers a unique, powerful approach to addressing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It works by guiding you into a deeply relaxed state, opening up a path to the subconscious mind where memories, including those related to trauma, are stored. Once there, the therapist can help you to safely explore these traumatic memories, viewing them from a new, detached perspective. This process, known as ‘recontextualization’, allows for the traumatic memory to be understood differently, reducing its emotional impact. It’s like retelling your story in a way that heals instead of hurts. In the tradition of psychoanalysis, the aim is not to erase or suppress the past, but to help integrate and manage its influence on your present life. Hypnotherapy can be a profound tool in your journey towards overcoming PTSD, fostering resilience, and rediscovering a sense of wholeness within yourself.

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss what your personal situation may be and how we can work together to achieve a more sustainable future for you.

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Addiction & Substance Misuse

As your hypnotherapist, I can be a powerful ally in your struggle against addiction and substance misuse. Through hypnotherapy, I will lead you into a state of deep relaxation and focus, opening the door to your subconscious mind. Here, I can introduce empowering suggestions and help foster healthy behaviours, tackling the root of your addiction. Together, we’ll work on shifting your perspectives and attitudes towards the substances you’re struggling with, breaking the cycle of dependency and fostering healthier coping mechanisms. My aim is not to merely suppress your cravings, but to help change your relationship with the substance at a fundamental level. By utilizing the power of your own mind, we can navigate the path towards sobriety and help you regain control over your life.

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss your personal experience and how we can work together to achieve more control and happiness in your life.

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Sleep Disorders

If you have been suffering from sleep disorders and seen your doctor about this, it is highly likely that your doctor has either prescribed medication to you or given you a lecture about sleep hygiene. This is because sleep is a psychological process and therefore, sleep disturbances such as insomnia need psychological treatment. 

Although it may seem plainly obvious to know how to sleep, this process is complex and needs to be attended to with care. Reasons for struggling to fall asleep may be that you have a lot on your mind or that you’ve built a cognitive bias towards not being able to sleep. 

At Psyche hypnotherapy, I (your therapist) will work with you to understand what may be causing your sleep disorder. This is the first step. Once we have understood this, we can work together to re-adjust your sleeping pattern so that you can awake each morning feeling refreshed, energised, and ready to take on your day. 

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss your personal situation and how we can work together to achieve more control around your sleeping habits.

If you would like to read an neuroscience article on why we sleep and what happens during sleep, then please see below.

Sleep has been described as a state of perceptual disengagement, from and unresponsive, to the environment, following unique behavioural and physiological processes (Carskadon & Rechtschaffen, 2011). Many theories have been suggested offering explanations as to why we sleep. This essay will discuss some of the key theories around this question along with empirical evidence and will arrive at a uniformed conclusion considering all the theories mentioned.

Initially, we must explain the make-up of sleep. There are five main stages of sleep which represent one cycle. One cycle usually takes around 100 minutes to complete. Sleep stage one (drowsiness) consists of alpha and beta waves between 8 Hertz and up to 30 Hertz. Sleep stage two (light sleep) consists of sleep spindles and K-complexes which are an indicator of NREM sleep. Sleep stage 3 (slow wave) consists of delta activity and a slowing of rhythm. Sleep stage 4 (slow wave) again consists of delta activity but with an even slower rhythm. We enter REM sleep at the end of this cycle, consisting of low amplitude EEG readings, EMG flatness, and intermittent EOG activity (Theta and Beta activity). 

REM sleep is the period in sleep in which the brain is at its most active intense stage. Apart from slight movement in our fingers or toes, the body is at complete paralysis. Increased brain activity is related to the recovery processes in the brain. This is shown in the immense brain growth and development in infancy when babies sleep for 15 hours a day.

The rapid eye movement in REM sleep is deemed to be caused by pontime-geniculo-occipital spikes (short periods of large amplitude, high frequency spikes) within the visual cortex. Evidence suggests that our REM sleep mechanism also comes with its very own metre, where it builds up if it is not accessed, this is also called a rebound phenomenon (Dement, 1960). REM sleep was also found to facilitate the consolidation of non-declarative memories (Tucker et al, 2006).

Slow wave sleep on the other hand, is thought to be a period in which the brain is shut down, and the body is alive. For instance, a release of growth hormone from the pituitary gland has been observed to stimulate protein synthesis and repair of body tissues. It has also been observed that not only do we need slow wave sleep when our body has been active throughout the day to revitalise and rebuild function, but also, slow wave sleep is needed when there has been a substantial amount of brain exercise in the day, this is because it needs to rest. When participants were taken on an activity heavy day slow wave sleep the following night was increased, after all the mental exercise their brains appeared to have needed more rest than usual (Horne & Minard, 1985). Researchers have also found the hippocampus was activated highly during route learning and slow wave sleep, this supports the claim that’s slow wave sleep facilitates consolidation of declarative memory formation (Tucker et al, 2006). If we were to not have any slow wave sleep, then this would cause deficits in attention and memory, a dream like confused state, loss of control of both the autonomic nervous system and the endocrine system, and increased body temperature. This is what has been defined as fatal familial insomnia, where the thalamus is damaged (Gallasi et al) and slow wave sleep disappears and only brief episodes of REM sleep remain (without paralysis).

The survival sleep hypothesis states that it’s our adaptive nature to stay hidden and unconscious for many hours. It explains that we have evolved to sleep because it allows us to hide away from predators. The survival hypothesis looks at the animal Kingdom to support its statement. For example, large herbivores who must eat more frequently due to their vegetarian diet and trouble hiding sleep less such as giraffes, for 20-minute periods two to three times a day. It suggests that animals with fewer natural predators sleep more such as lions and the smaller animals that don’t need to graze also sleep more, such as bats. Another suggestion is the restoration hypothesis. This states that we sleep to replenish energy and repair tissues within a body. It is founded upon the evidence that slow wave sleeps primary use is to repair the body (Oswald, 1980). Finding that marathon runners have more deep sleep in the two nights following their run. Evidence suggests that sleep deprivation may cause poor concentration levels, memory problems, hallucinations irritability, and fatigue (Rechtshaffen et al, 1983). The Hornes sleep theory (Horne, 1988) suggests that there are two modes of sleep. Core sleep is the vital sleep which occurs in the first three cycles and consists mainly of stages three and four of slow wave sleep. Its function is described to repair cerebral functioning. Optional sleep occurs in the second half of sleep. This is described as a nonvital part of sleep and that it is not made up in rebound sleep and is of the source of individual variability. 

Increased brain activity forces glycogen to be converted into fuel for neurons; thus persistent wakefulness causes a decline in the level of glycogen in the brain (Kong et al, 2002). The decrease in the level of glycogen causes a rise in the level of extracellular adenosine, which has an inhibitory effect on neural activity. This makes it a sleep promoting substance. During slow wave sleep, neurons in the brain rest and astrocytes restore stock of glycogen (Basher et al, 2004; Wigren et al, 2007). Caffeine keeps us awake by connecting to the adenosine receptors and allowing for a continuum of electrical impulse transmission (through its excitatory effects). Gene influence on circadian rhythms is monitored via a negative feedback loop. Circadian rhythms in the suprachiasmatic nucleus are produced as protein production rises to a certain level. When this maximum level is reached, the protein enters the nucleus and suppresses the gene responsible for its own production, this results in the halt of messenger RNA production. With the lack of production, the level of the protein falls again, which reactivates the production of the gene. Light also has an influence on our circadian rhythm, this is when light enters the retinal ganglion cell which contains photo receptors called melanopsin, melanopsin then gets transported to the suprachiasmatic nucleus which is also known as the circadian oscillator. Deprivation in sleep has also been found to damage cells. High metabolism produces waste products such as free radicals which are chemicals that contain at least one unpaired electron. Free radicals are highly reactive oxidising agents; they can bind with the electrons from other molecules and cause damage to these cells. This process is called oxidative stress. Prolonged deprivation of sleep caused an increase of free radicals in rats (Ramanathan et al, 2002) which increased oxidative stress. Slow wave sleep lowers rate of metabolism (permitting restorative function) which destroy free radicals. 

In practise, Randy Gardner (1964) broke the world record by not sleeping for 11 days. Although he did not display psychotic symptoms or suffer from any severe mental disorder, he was observed to have blurred vision, incoherent speech, some perceptual disturbances, and mild paranoia. In conclusion it seems that Randy’s deprivation of sleep affected his capabilities of living a healthy life. From this, we can state that sleep is an important factor in sustaining a healthy lifestyle. 

In continuation, there has also been research around sleep disorders such as insomnia. Insomnia as an umbrella term, has been defined to be the inability of falling asleep after going to sleep or after awakening during the night, insomnia may derive directly from ‘naturally’ not being able to fall asleep or may be due to another physical or mental condition. Treatments for insomnia include non-pharmacological solutions such as CBT and progressive relaxation techniques, but for more severe cases include pharmacological intervention such as hypnotic drug or benzodiazepine prescription. Sleep apnea has been defined as the inability to sleep and breathe at the same time. during a period of sleep apnea, the concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood stimulates chemoreceptors which suddenly awakens the person gasping for air. Fortunately, however, most cases of sleep apnea, are usually caused by obstructions to the persons airway which can be corrected surgically or even relieved by certain facial medical devices (Piccirillo et al, 2000).

Not only can we directly observe biological mechanisms that are in place to maximise our falling asleep, but we have also been able to observe what happens when we are deprived of sleep through certain sleep disorders or even through the conscious decision of staying awake. In conclusion, sleep unfortunately is not a discretionary lifestyle indulgence, sleep is a non-negotiable biological requirement, it is our life support structure, and it is natures best effort yet at immortality. The destruction of sleep throughout industrialised nations is having a tragic impact on our health. 

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Eating Disorders

I, as your therapist, link insights from the psychoanalytic approach to access your subconscious mind. This is where the deep-seated feelings and beliefs associated with your relationship to food are stored. By guiding you into a state of profound relaxation, we are able to gently and safely confront these issues, bringing them to light and helping you to understand them better. In this empathetic and supportive space, we can work together to reframe these beliefs, replacing them with healthier, more constructive perspectives. We’ll be using the psychoanalytic principles to uncover hidden meanings and emotions connected to your eating patterns. Our goal isn’t to deny or dismiss, but to uncover, understand and transform, empowering you to take back control and embrace a healthier relationship with food and yourself.

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss what your personal circumstance may be and how we can work together to achieve more control and happiness in your life.

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Self Esteem & Confidence

As your hypnotherapist, I aim to help you navigate the path to improved self-esteem and boosted confidence. Through hypnotherapy, I guide you into a deeply relaxed state to access your subconscious mind – the realm where self-perceptions and beliefs reside. Working together, we uncover and challenge negative beliefs you may hold about yourself. Leveraging the insights of psychoanalysis, we explore the roots of these feelings, often buried in past experiences. Then, through the power of positive suggestion in this receptive state, we work on replacing those beliefs with empowering, positive assertions. The aim is to reshape your self-perception, instilling a robust sense of self-worth and confidence. Remember, this isn’t about creating an unrealistic self-image, but rather about unveiling the strong, capable individual you truly are. Boost your self-esteem and unlock your potential with hypnotherapy.

Please feel free to contact me directly to discuss what your personal circumstance may be and how we can work together to achieve more control and happiness in your life.

Misian Maljoku D.Hyp, D.M.H, CPNLP

Sexual Health

As your hypnotherapist, I’m here to support you through challenges related to sexual performance anxiety and impotence. Hypnotherapy allows us to enter a deeply relaxed state where we can access your subconscious mind, the keeper of emotions and attitudes related to your sexual performance. With the added insight of psychoanalysis, we delve into past experiences or existing beliefs that might be contributing to your anxiety or performance issues. Once identified, we can begin to reframe these negative perceptions, replacing them with confidence-boosting thoughts and attitudes. This process is aimed at reducing anxiety, improving self-confidence in your sexual performance, and addressing issues of impotence. Remember, this journey is about understanding, compassion, and transformation, not about judgement. With hypnotherapy, we can work together to help you overcome these hurdles and enhance your overall sexual wellbeing. 

Essential Tremor

Essential tremor (ET) is a neurological disorder characterised by involuntary and rhythmic shaking of certain body parts, typically the hands, head, and voice. It is considered the most common movement disorder, affecting millions of people worldwide. 

Many people with essential tremor have been diagnosed by a neurologist. The current scientific literature does not provide a conclusive cause and the diagnosis procedure usually involves neuropsychological assessment. This usually consists of the doctor asking the patient to perform certain movements and -upon the neuropsychological criteria- the doctor decides on the diagnosis. 

Current NHS treatments consist of medication, neurosurgery, and Botox treatments. These treatment styles can feel quite intense and come with taxing side effects. These treatments also do not attempt to explore the causes of your tremor and only work with reducing your symptoms, leaving you confused and heavily reliant on symptom reducing therapies often for life. 

Hypnotherapy may work well with addressing the psychological causes of your tremor. Many individuals diagnosed with ET may have experienced traumatic events in their lives that may have trigged the tremor. It is important to address such circumstances in order to build the foundation needed to minimise the tremor and allow you to take control of your life. 

Through various techniques such as regression, suggestive therapy, and cognitive behavioural therapies, hypnotherapy may be the long-forgotten tool that allows ET sufferers to experience the longed for calming of their bodies.

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